Each State may vary.


Under the Stock (Identification and Movement) Act 1970 and the Stock Diseases Act Enzootic Disease Regulations 1970 all livestock* must meet certain identification and movement requirements.

*   Whether they are kept as pets or for commercial purposes, all ruminants (cattle, sheep, goats, deer, bison, buffalo), equines (horses, ponies, mules, donkeys), camelids (alpaca, llama, vicuna, camels) and pigs (including mini or miniature pigs) are considered livestock under the Acts and Regulations noted above.



All buyers and sellers must have a registered WA stock brand.  On registering a brand on a property, the owner is also allocated an earmark code, and a Property Identification Code (PIC).  A PIC is an 8 character code which identifies the brand, trading name and location.



NLIS stands for National Livestock Identification System. NLIS (Cattle) is Australia's system for the identification and tracing of cattle. It is a permanent, whole-of-life identification system that enables individual animals to be tracked from property of birth to slaughter.

NLIS provides the facility for cattle to be electronically identified at the time of transaction, in saleyards and at the time of slaughter. Cattle movements between properties are also logged on the secure central NLIS database.


NLIS Fact Sheets, information on the NLIS database, brand registration information, NLIS Newsletters etc. are available for download.

Livestock movement into and within Western Australia

 Registering and updating a brand

Farmnote 139; The Stock (Identification and Movement) Act, 1970, requires that all owners of prescribed stock must register a brand and an earmark. The livestock brand is the PRIMARY identifier which registers you to trade in livestock in Western Australia. This Farmnote covers brand registration, completing the necessary forms, and locating the forms on the DAFWA website.


Livestock identification and movement

Farmnote 150 : Replaces Farmnote 26/2001; Identification of livestock is required by law under the Stock (Identification and Movement) Act 1970 and assists owners by deterring theft, helping to recover stolen animals and in tracing disease. This Farmnote covers property identification, branding equipment, branding, earmarks, and exemptions to branding.